Coffee is deeply intertwined with culture in Tanzania, arriving from Ethiopia and used by the Haya tribe as both currency and for stimulation. Despite low yields, coffee remains Tanzania’s largest export crop, sharing a similar clean and bright profile to other East African origins.
While the historical crop in Tanzania was Robusta, German colonial rule ramped up production with the planting of Arabica as a cash crop; a campaign continued by British rule in the country. In its independence era, Tanzania has struggled with low-yield diseased coffee plants and production has stagnated. Today, around 70% of production is arabica- with the majority of this being washed- and approximately 90% of this is from smallholder farmers in mountainous regions across the nation. The borders it shares with Kenya, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda show that Tanzania has great potential for bright, clean tasting coffee.